ZhuoLun Chen

South China University of Technology

Technical University of Denmark

Copyright © 2017 by Cayley Nielson Press, Inc.

ISBN: 978-0-9992443-8-8

Cayley Nielson Press Scholarly Monograph Series Book Code No.: 173-1-4








On 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development officially came into force. Over the next fifteen years, with these new Goals that universally apply to all, countries will mobilize efforts to tackle climate change while ensuring that no one is left behind. The SDGs, also known as Global Goals, build on the success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The new Goals are unique in that they call for action by all countries, poor, rich and middle-income to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. The aim of the SDG 7 is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. In order to achieve this goal, it is very important to reduce building energy consumption through positive technologies.

Through a lot of researches in the past, it has been pointed out that a high quality of urban environment can not only effect the thermal quality of outdoor space, but also effect the energy consumption of standalone buildings through so-called microclimate conditions. However, it was still lack of researches on the exact connections between urban environment and standalone building energy consumption under different climate types.

This book focused on the analysis methodologies to evaluate the thermal comfort qualities of urban environment and energy saving potential of different active or passive building energy conservation technologies. The book is funded by National Natural Science Foundation project (No. 51108185 and No. 51778235), natural science fund of Guangdong Province (No. 2016A030313513), State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science fund project (No. 2013KB24) and Guangzhou development and reform commission energy-saving special fund project (Technology research of regional energy based on the energy cascade utilization), Basic scientific research business expenses of South China University of Technology (No. 2015ZM013).

The author would like to acknowledge the contribution of Prof. Qinglin Meng and Prof. Lihua Zhao from South China University of Technology, Prof. Moncef Krarti and Prof. John Zhai from University of Colorado at Boulder.

Zhuolun Chen
Senior Engineer
Architectural Design and Research Institute
South China University of Technology, China

Senior Advisor
Department of Management Engineering
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark




1 Field Measurements on Microclimate in Residential Community
1.1   Introduction
1.2   Field Measurements
1.2.1 The Site
1.2.2 Procedure
1.2.3 Testing Spot Arrangements
1.2.4 Equipments
1.2.5 Weather Data in the City of Guangzhou
1.3   Results and Analysis
1.3.1 Air Temperature
1.3.2 Relative Humidity
1.3.3 Wind Speed
1.3.4 Black-Bulb Globe Temperature
1.4   Conclusions
2 Simulation And Research on Indoor Environment Control Mode Basing on Thermal Comfort
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Control Mode of Indoor Thermal Environment
2.2.1 Evaluation Index of Indoor Thermal Environment
2.2.2 Energy-Efficient Control Mode of Indoor Thermal Environment
2.3 Case Study
2.3.1 Analysis of Meteorological Data
2.4 Simulation
2.4.1 Natural ventilation
2.4.2 Distribution of Indoor Temperature and PMV
2.5 Conclusion
3 Research on the Application of District Cooling System in Cloud Computing Center in Cold Climate
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Project Overview
3.3 Plan of District Cooling Supply and the Safety Design of Cooling Supply
3.3.1 Cooling Technical Proposal
3.3.2 Cooling Safety Design
3.4 Plan of District Cooling Supply and the Safety Design of Cooling Supply
3.5 Conclusion
4 Experimental Analysis of Outdoor Thermal Comfort in a Residential Community in the Hot-Humid Climate
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Analysis Methods
4.2.1 Description of the Site
4.2.2 Objective Measurements
4.2.3 Subjective Questionnaires on Thermal Comfort
4.3 Results and Analysis
4.3.1 Measured Results of Environmental Parameters
4.3.2 Statistics of Questionnaires
4.3.3 Comparison of existing thermal comfort indices with survey results
4.4 Conclusion
5 Application of Distributed Energy System Optimization
5.1 Introduction
5.2 General Situation of Project
5.3 Power Load Analysis in Park
5.3.1 Electric Load Prediction and Analysis
5.3.2 Cooling Load Prediction and Analysis
5.3.3 Hot Water Load Prediction and Analysis
5.4 Selected Schemes of Generating Set Configuration and Analysis for Distributed Energy System
5.5 Comparison and Determination of Schemes
5.6 Conclusions
6 Sensitive Analysis of Landscaping Effects on Outdoor Thermal Environment in Residential Community of Hot-Humid Area
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Field Experiments
6.2.1 Description of the Site and Experiment Procedure
6.3 Validation and Sensitive Analysis of Envi-Met Simulation
6.3.1 Validation Assessment of ENVI-Met Simulations in Hot- Humid Area of China
6.3.2 Sensitive Analysis of Landscaping Factors
6.4 Conclusions
7 Energy Audit of the Residential Buildings
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Energy Audit in Foreign Countries
7.3 Energy Audit of Residential Buildings
7.3.1 Types of Energy Audit in Guangzhou
7.3.2 Standards of Energy Audit
7.3.3 Energy Audit Methods of Residential Buildings
7.3.4 Program of Energy - Efficient Design of Residential Buildings
7.3.5 Problems in Energy - Efficient Design Infracting the Obligatory Rules Collision with Other Relative Standards
7.3.6 Problems in standards of energy efficiency
7.4 Suggestions
7.5 Conclusion
8 Analysis on the Energy Efficiency Potential in the Envelopes of Residential Buildings
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Basic Information
8.3 Dynamic Simulation of Air-Conditioning Load
8.3.1 Calculation Conditions
8.3.2 Thermal Parameters of Envelopes
8.3.3 Simulation Results and Analysis
8.4 Analysis of Energy-Efficient Potential
8.5 Conclusions and Suggestions
9 Analysis and Research on Thermal Properties of Energy-Efficient Building Glass: Case Study in PVB Laminated Glass
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Evaluation Standards of Solar - Optical Property
9.2.1 Light transmittance τv
9.2.2 Shading Coefficient SC
9.2.3 Solar Heat Gain Coefficient SHGC
9.2.4 Thermal conductance K
9.2.5 Room base Temperature
9.3 Tests and Analysis of Thermal Properties of Several Kinds of Energy-Efficient Glass
9.3.1 Test and Analysis of Solar-Optical Properties
9.3.2 Simulation and Analysis of Room Base Temperature
9.3.3 Simulation and Analysis of Cooling Load
9.4 Conclusion
10 Simplified Measurement Method of Solar- Optical Properties of Multi-Pane Glazing Units
10.1 Introduction
10.1.1 Controllability of Solar Radiation
10.1.2 Optical Properties
10.1.3 Capability of Heat Conservation
10.2 Experimental Analysis
10.2.1 Standard Testing Method
10.2.2 Simplified Testing Method
10.3 Results and Discussion
10.3.1 Optical Properties in Visible Light
10.3.2 Solar Properties
10.3.3 Effects of Air Gap
10.4 Conclusions
11 Analysis And Evaluation of Holistic Energy Saving For Modern Buildings
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Design Methods for Modern Building Energy Saving System
11.2.1 Content of Building Enclosure Structure Energy Saving
11.2.2 Outside Wall Energy Saving
11.2.3 Constitute Of Doors and Windows Energy Saving System
11.2.4 Roof Energy Saving Design
11.2.5 Ground Energy Saving Analysis
11.3 Objective and Principles of Energy Saving Building Evaluation System
11.4 A Case Study—Evaluation System of Energy Saving House
11.5 Conclusions
Appendix I



This book should be useful for students, scientists, engineers and professionals working in the areas of optoelectronic packaging, photonic devices, semiconductor technology, materials science, polymer science, electrical and electronics engineering. This book could be used for one semester course on adhesives for photonics packaging designed for both undergraduate and graduate engineering students.


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